JURNET OF NORWICH (Hebrew name: Eliab; c.1130–1197), English financier. He had important dealings with the crown and with the monastery of Bury St. Edmunds. In 1184, a fine of 6,000 marks was imposed on him and he went abroad, but was permitted to return in 1186 after a payment of 2,000 marks. In the Hebrew sources he is referred to as nadiv, indicating that he was a patron of learning. The story that he married a Christian heiress has now been disproved. His son ISAAC OF NORWICH (c. 1170–1235/6), termed nadiv like his father, was an outstanding financier under Henry III and was able to survive a fine of 20,000 marks imposed on him for concealment of chattels in 1218, paid off at the rate of one mark daily. A remarkable caricature of him and his associates is preserved (see caricature ). On his death, his son SAMUEL (before 1204–1273) succeeded to his position in the Norwich community. Substantial relics of the family mansion, which originally had a wharf attached, are still known as Isaac's Hall. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: V.D. Lipman, Jews of Medieval Norwich (1967), index; H.G. Richardson, English Jewry under Angevin Kings (1960), 32–45; Roth, England3, index. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: ODNB online. (Cecil Roth)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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